Land-tenure contractual solutions


Tenure-related environmental prescriptions under CONSOLE refer to those land leases or land contracts that include an environmental dimension (e.g., the land tenure contract comes along with rent associated with environmental prescriptions)

Design Guidelines

Engaging with landowners as primary stakeholders is important in designing land tenure contract solutions with environmental prescriptions. It is important to find landowners (e.g., public owners, etc.) willing to engage with tenants To manage their land environmentally soundly. Land tenure-related contracts that provide public goods are also strongly determined by the legal framework for leases, which differ considerably across the EU / Europe. The decision tree is illustrated below (Fig 9).

Fig 9 Decision tree for designing land tenure contracts

During a workshop for the on-the-ground testing of the decision trees, a group of practitioners identified a list of additional questions relevant to land tenure contracts. The list is reported below as an example.

Decisions in principle:

  • What is the state of the landscape?
  • What is the situation with biodiversity (or other AECPGs)?
  • What is the cause of this state? Is quantification of the target desired/required?
  • Which actors have already entered into a relationship - institutional and/or private landowners?
  • What kind of leases (and sub-leases, if any) are in place?


  • How significant is the amount of lease income?
  • Which actors have what room for maneuver?
  • Do those involved have enough time to become familiar with each other?
  • What is the impact of a particular measure?
  • Has a reality check been carried out on the intended goals?
  • Is there the possibility of accompanying (measure) advice?
  • Is there (additional) funding for this?

Target group:

  • Is there the will to talk together?
  • Is the landowner willing to make a long-term and continuous commitment?


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